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东坡书院
时间:2010-01-30 10:52:48    来源:人文    作者:百景

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  东坡书院

    东坡书院位于儋州市中和镇,离现儋州市政府所在地那大镇40多公里。1098年,为纪念苏东坡而修建,后经重修。

  北宋大文豪苏东坡在此谪居三年间,“书声琅琅,弦歌四起”,讲学明道,使儋州教化日兴。琼岛学子接踵而至,师从东坡。

  书院大门轩昂宏阔,院内古林静谧,曲径通幽。载酒亭、载酒堂等建筑古色古香。载酒亭为重檐歇山顶结构,上下两层,上层四角,下层八角,各角相错,角角翘起呈欲飞之势。亭东西两侧是莲花池,亭、池相依,倒影成趣。载酒堂则是当年苏东坡被贬昌化军(现儋州市)时居住、讲学的场所。

  书院内大殿和两侧厢房,展出苏东坡许多书稿墨迹、文物史料和著名的《坡仙笠民图》。还有郭沫若、邓拓、田汉题咏的诗刻及书画名家的艺术作品。书院大殿在载酒堂后面,两者相隔一庭院,左右两侧是廊舍,与载酒堂相连,形成一个四合院,庭院中有一棵上百年的芒果树,叶茂荫浓。东坡讲学的彩雕陈列大殿正中,苏东坡、苏过、黎子云等人物形象栩栩如生。

  如今儋州人爱好吟诗作对,素有“诗乡歌海”之称,有许多民间诗社。可见东坡遗风深植儋耳延绵不息,东坡书院也成为海南重要的人文景观之一。


 

Dongpo Academy

Dongpo Academy is locate in Danzhou City of Hainan Province. It was originally built in 1098 during the Northern Song Dynasty in memorial of Su Dongpo, a well-known literateur. It is now a tourist attraction in Hainan.

Dongpo Academy once took the highest seat of learning, cultivated many personnels. The academy is facing south, with a dignified door, which is unique and quaint. Above the door, there are four Chinese characters "东坡书院", written by Zhang Ji, a candidate in the Qing Dynasty. In the courtyard of the academy, there is a clean pond, on which a bridge spanning, leading you to the Zaijiu Pavilion. Zaijiu Pavilion is covered with green tiles. On the roof of the pavilion, there are the paintings about the life of Su Dongpo, which are vivid and true to life. On both side of the pavilion, there are the lotus pond, in which there are the gold fish.

Deep into the courtyard, there is the Zaijiutang. It is the place where Su Dongpo once teaching and meeting friends. As the main architecture of the academy, the hall has 13 tablets which were written by celebrities. On the rear wall of the hall, there are two marble stone inscriptions. One was inscribed by Song Lian, a letterateur in the Ming Dynasty, and another is the picture of Su Dongpo, painted by Tang Yin, who is a famous painter.

The last part of the academy is the Great Hall. In the center of the hall, there is a group of statues of Su Dongpo and his son, made of glass fiber reinforced plastics. Besides, there are the exhibits of the sketch painte and written by Su Dongpo.

 


 

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  文化圣地 东坡书院

  全国重点文物保护单位东坡书院,位于儋州市中和镇城区东郊,占地167亩,始建于北宋绍圣四年(1097年),是大文豪苏东坡居儋期间讲学场所,历代均有修缮或扩建,古建筑保护完好,规模宏大,馆藏文物甚丰。东坡书院享有“天南名胜”之美誉,是集文献、书画、楹联、碑刻、雕塑、器具、井泉为一体的著名人文景观。景区内有五百年古树、千年古井,有鲜为人知的狗仔花。东坡芒果是海南珍果,吃过三天嘴留香。

  东坡书院像一颗明珠嵌于四季飘香的田野上。它的前面是百亩荷塘;后院古木参天,曲径清幽,鸟语花香。它是访古、览胜、品文、赏花、钓鱼、听歌、休闲的好去处。

  苏东坡居儋三年,躬耕自食,传播中原文化,劝导民族团结,移风易俗,传授先进耕作方法等。“我本儋耳人,寄生西蜀州”、“九死南荒吾不恨,兹游奇绝冠平生”是他对儋州情感的真挚流露。

  客来踏遍珠崖路,要览东坡载酒堂。

  请到儋州古城来,寻访苏东坡之踪迹,感受大文豪之情怀。请为东坡先生敬上一炷香,饮一杯东坡酒,品一壶东坡茶,洗洗东坡文化圣水,体验东坡荷锄耕耘,欣赏东坡和古今名家墨宝,你将尽享大学士之文化熏陶。

  书院内可品尝东坡宴,购买东坡旅游产品,观赏热情奔放的儋州调声。

  东坡书院东至西线高速洋浦立交桥15公里;至海口120公里、三亚290公里、那大45公里;西至洋浦23公里。从海口或三亚出发,沿西线高速,经儋州入口,下洋浦立交,朝洋浦(西北)方向行驶约10公里,于十字路口前左转,再走4公里后,即达东坡书院

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编辑:王吉拉
 
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