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海瑞墓
时间:2010-01-31 00:18:11    来源:人文    作者:百景

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  海瑞墓是国家2A级景区、全国重点文物保护单位。位于海口市龙华区丘海大道39号,是展示我国明代墓葬文化艺术的文物旅游景点和游览胜地。

  墓园包含两部分,第一部分展示主墓及其望柱、牌坊、神道、石像、书法作品、文物等;第二部分是纪念园,主要景观有“烛台华表”、“扬廉轩”、“清风阁”、“不染池”、“八方亭”、“塑石假山”等。它始建于明万历十七年(1589),现在面积1万平方米,历代有保护性维修,原貌基本保持不变。

  1959年,政府拨出专款进行维护,1962年,广东省人民委员会公布海瑞墓为广东省文物保护单位。1965年,海瑞墓被红卫兵砸毁。1983年,政府有关部门拨专款进行全面修复,并派专人进行管理。同时增建了“海瑞陈列室”。

  海瑞(公元1514年~1587年),字汝贤,号刚峰,海南海口人,明代著名的政治家,以刚直不阿,清正廉明著称于世,被世人誉为“海青天”。


 

Tomb of Hai Rui

Tomb of Hai Rui is situated in Haikou Cityof Hainan Province. It was built in 1589 during the Ming Dynasty, covering an area of more han 4000 square meters. The Tomb of Hai Rui is a key national cultural protection area, and is one of the more popular tourist attractions of Haikou.

 

Hai Rui (1514-1587), also known Ruxian, was an uncorrupted minister in the Ming Dynasty. In his lifetime, he helped the common people to get the right. He fought against a lot of corrupted officials of the time and was considered to be the most upright of his time. His name has come down in history as a model of honesty and integrity in office and he reemerged as an important historical character during the Cultural Revolution.

 

The architectures in the area of Tomb of Hairui are of primitive simplicity. There is a stone archway, on which there are four red Chinese characters “粤东正气". On both side of the path, which is paved with granites, stone statues of goats, horse, lion and tortoise are standing there. In the middle way of the path, there are other three stone archways, magnific ans solemn.

 

At the end of the entrance path, you will see the tomb of Hai Rui, which is 3 meters high, with round roof. In front of the tomb, there is an incense burner in front of it. At the back of the tomb, there is the Yanglian Pavilion. On the pillars there are two couplets, which are written by Hai Rui. In the Qingfeng Pavilion, which is at the rear of Yanglian Pavilion, there exhibits the relics related to the life of the Hai Rui. Dotted with the green coconut trees, pines and cypresses, the whole tomb is solemn.


Address: No. 39, Qiuhai Avenue, Longhua District, Haikou City
Admission fee: CNY 10
Opening hours: 8:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.
Transportation: you can take bus No. 2, 16, 19 to get there

 
编辑:陈曼莉
 
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