首页  >   人文地理 | 三亚凭什么牛? What makes Sanya great?

人文地理 | 三亚凭什么牛? What makes Sanya great?

2019-07-17 来源:自贸港之声

编者语:

南海网国际传播中心肩负新闻传播、文化传播和教育传播的使命。南海网陆续推出有关海南人文地理的中英文双语文本。

敬请关注。

The International Media Center of hinews.cn undertakes the mission of news,culture and education communication.Hinews.cn will launch bilingual articles on Hainan's human geography in both Chinese and English.Stay tuned for further update.

Author:Ye Haisheng

Translated by Liu Ping

微信图片_20190717174156

Photo/explorehainan.com

世界上再美的地方其人文地理都不可能十全十美,有的地区集大利与大弊于一身。然而,地理环境通过人文的改善,便可以兴利除弊,或是将弊端降低到最小程度。——这回要说的三亚就是这么做的地方。

No place in the world can be perfect in its human geography,and some regions are a combination of obvious advantages and disadvantages.However,through the improvement on human culture,a geographical environment can promote advantages and abolish disadvantages,or reduce the disadvantages to the minimum.—Sanya is a place of this kind.

曾经质朴得像小家碧玉

Once like a pretty girl with humble birth

微信图片_20190717174256

Photo/explorehainan.com

古时候,三亚是流放官员的首选地。解放初期的崖县(即今三亚),默默无闻地躺在中国的南海边,质朴得像待嫁的小家碧玉,纵然拥有风情万种,却待在闺中无人识!

In ancient times,Sanya was the first choice for exiling officials.Yaxian County(now Sanya)in the early liberation period lay unknown on the South China Sea,as simple as a pretty girl with humble birth to be married.Although it's charming and graceful,it was still unknown in its boudoir.

三亚原先叫崖县,人稀少,天气热;长野草,毒蛇多,人们常被蚊虫咬。少雨则干旱,干旱光顾则缺粮!台风一来则涝,连吃饭都成问题。

Sanya,formerly called Yaxian County,the population there was poor while it was sweltering hot.Since wild weeds were flourishing and there are poisonous snakes,people were often attacked by mosquitoes.Less rain leads to drought,while drought leads to food shortage.Floods usually came after typhoons and therefore even getting food was a problem.

三亚天生丽质,但其原先的劣势也很明显,比如缺水,后来有了福万水库等水利设施,三亚的干渴才得解。

Sanya is naturally beautiful,but its original disadvantage is obvious as well,such as lacking water.Sanya's drought could not be addressed until water conservancy facilities such as Fuwan Reservoir were set.

我采访过海南省原政协副主席李明天。李明天说:三亚刚解放时并不出名,最明显的例证是当时修海口到三亚的公路,叫“海榆中线”,不叫“海三中线”,说明那时候的三亚榆林港要比三亚有名气的多……

I interviewed Li Mingtian,former vice chairman of the CPPCC in Hainan Province.Li Mingtian said,Sanya was not famous at the early period of liberation.The most obvious evidence is the naming of the highway from Haikou to Sanya at that time.The road is named Hai Yu Zhong Xian instead of Hai San Zhong Xian,which shows that Sanya Yulin Port was much more famous than Sanya.

三亚原来最热闹的地方除了古城崖城外,就是如今的榆林,现在市区的位置即使在解放初期也只是一片荒滩、墓地,到处杂草丛生。现在的河东区实际上就是一个四周环海的小岛,人们一直没有感觉到,是因为这里建立了多座桥梁,天堑变通途,交通很方便,成了风水宝地。

Besides the ancient city of Yacheng,another busiest place in Sanya is where we now call Yulin.Even in the early days of liberation,the location of the current urban area was only a barren beach and cemetery with weeds growing wildly everywhere.Now Hedong District is actually a small island surrounded by the sea,people did not realize that because there are many bridges here.With the bridges,the traffic is so convenient as a deep chasm turned into a thoroughfare.Thus the place has become a land of geomantic treasure.

三十年河东,四十年河西。原先不被看好的三亚镇荒凉地已成为“黄金地段”,但在过去,这里并不是理想的居住地,首先出行就极为不便。后来经常在这一带打渔的儋州、临高、东方、保港、疍家渔民为了出海方便,在岸上搭建一些简易住所,逐渐形成村落,再后来才有热闹的市井风情。

Things have greatly changed as time goes by.The desolate land of Sanya Town has become a"golden location".But in the past,it was not an ideal place to live for its inconvenient to travel until Later,fishermen of Danzhou,Lingao,Dongfang,Baogang and Danjia who often fished in this area built some simple shelters on the shore for the convenience of going to sea,which gradually formed villages,and then a lively market atmosphere.

重农业改为重旅游

Focus shifted from agriculture to tourism

微信图片_20190717174300

Photo/Ye Haisheng

三亚以山、海、树、石四绝著称。三亚山青、水秀、海碧,景观奇特优美。作为旅游地,三亚得天独厚。三亚陆地总面积1919.6平方公里,东西长91.6公里,南北宽51.2公里;北面依山,南面临海,属五指山山脉南麓,地势从北向南倾斜,形成长状多角形。境内有10多个岛屿,19个港湾,主要的港湾有榆林港、牙龙湾港、三亚港、安由港、港门港和角头港等。

Sanya is famous for its mountains,seas,trees and stones.Green in mountains,beautiful in waters and blue in seas,as a tourist destination,Sanya is endowed with unique advantages.It has a total land area of 1919.6 square kilometers.It is 91.6 kilometers long from east to west and 51.2 kilometers wide from north to south.It is located in the south of Wuzhishan Mountain and faces the mountains to the north and the sea to the south.The terrain inclines from north to south,forming a long polygon.There are more than 10 islands and 19 harbors in the territory.The main harbors are Yulin Port,Yalong Bay Port,Sanya Port,Anyou Port,Gangmen Port and Jiaotou Port.

20世纪80年代,三亚市委、市政府意识到三亚不能守着美丽闹穷荒,捧着金饭碗讨饭,而要转思路:通过扬三亚之利而避其弊来实现产业转移,即由“以农为本”向以旅游为主的思路过渡,三亚因此而走向坦途。

In the 1980s,the Sanya Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government realized that Sanya could not just conserve its beauty but be in poverty and wait for help with such a good condition.Instead,they had to change their thought to realize industrial transfer by making best use of the advantages of Sanya and bypassing its disadvantages,that is,to shift from"agriculture-oriented"to"tourism-oriented"thinking,hence Sanya embarked on a smooth drive.

2009年9月26日,我曾到三亚采访过三亚原市委书记朱家仁。朱家仁坦言,三亚并不太适合农业,农业方面在南部八个市县中比不过排头的面积大、水库多的乐东,甚至经常因落后而挨上边的批评。朱家仁说,三亚做农业有先天的缺陷,从农缺水,而水是农业的命脉。三亚光照时间长,阳光格外猛烈,蒸发量大,插的秧苗容易干枯,收成能有一半就不错。再就是当时水库少,下雨少,全年的下雨量通常不超过1100毫米。三亚人经常吃政府的救济粮,现在有了三个大水库,情况才好转,否则连市民的饮水都成问题。

On September 26,2009,I visited Sanya to interview Zhu Jiaren,the former Secretary of the Sanya Municipal Party Committee.Mr.Zhu admitted that Sanya was not a very ideal place for agriculture.Agriculture there is weaker than Ledong where is the biggest in area and has more reservoirs among the eight southern cities and counties.And Sanya was often criticized for its backwardness.Zhu Jiaren said that agriculture in Sanya has inherent deficiencies that it lacked water,which is critical for agriculture.Sanya has long illumination time,intense sunshine and large evaporation so seedlings transplanted were easy to become withered.Half of the harvest would already be good.What is more,there were fewer reservoirs and less rain.The annual rainfall usually did not exceed 1100 mm.Sanya people had to rely on the relief foods from the government.The situation were not improved until three large reservoirs were built,otherwise drinking water for the citizens would become a problem.

三亚一面临海,众多海湾各有佳景,海上的东、西二岛仿佛是面向南海的一张大门,将平静的大海点缀得像湖泊一般。海雾飘过,两岛朦朦,平添几分神秘之美。

Sanya faces the sea on one side,and many bays have their own fascinating scenery.The East and West islands on the sea look like a gate facing the South China Sea,decorating the calm sea as a lake.The outline of the two islands are obscure when the sea fog is drifting,adding the scene a hue of mysterious beauty.

善用“新闻”做“广告”

Seizing good opportunities of publicity

微信图片_20190717174305

Photo/explorehainan.com

三亚之所以能脱胎换骨、蜚声中外,除了由重农业到重旅游之外,三亚的声名远扬与名人对三亚的评说密切相关。古人程哲在巨石上写的“天涯”两字,是贯穿古今的“广告”,其价值难于估量。

Apart from shifting focus from agriculture to tourism,the reason why Sanya can be famous at home and abroad,and cast its old self is closely related to celebrities'comments on Sanya.The Chinese characters"天涯"(Tian Ya)written by the ancients Cheng Zhe on the megalithic stones is an“advertisement”that runs through ancient and modern times,with a value hard to measure.

著名历史学家、考古学家郭沫若曾经点校《崖州志》。很多知名文化学者、作家都曾为三亚,尤其是三亚的亚龙湾写过称颂的诗文,这些诗文对三亚知名度的迅速提升功不可没。古往今来,名人在三亚的举动容易成为当时的“新闻”,这些“新闻”往往是成本最低、效果最佳的“广告”。且以国家旅游局长对三亚的“宣传”为例。

Guo Moruo,a famous historian and archaeologist,once proofread Yazhou Chronicle.A number of well-known cultural scholars and writers have written poems for Sanya,especially Yalong Bay.These poems have contributed greatly to the rapid promotion of Sanya's popularity.Through the ages,celebrities'movements in Sanya easily caught eyes as“news”.These"news"are often the"advertisements"with the lowest cost and the best effect.Take the"promotion"of the Director of the National Tourism Administration about Sanya as an example.

1986年,时任市委书记的朱家仁和相关人员一起中午到北京原国家旅游局长韩克华家作客。韩局长说起对三亚的印象,忽然诗兴大作,当场写一首诗给三亚的领导干部们。诗云:

In 1986,Zhu Jiaren,the then Secretary of the Municipal Party Committee,visited Han Kehua,the former Director of the National Tourism Administration in Beijing with relevant personnel.Speaking of his impression of Sanya,Mr.Han felt a sudden urge to write poetry and composed the following lines:

南国风光推崖州,万里银沙海碧透。

The scenery of Yazhou excels elsewhere in South China.The beach covered with silvery sand stretches thousands of miles with the sea of clear blue laying beside;

奇趣天成景物美,四季温暖花不收。

Born to be wonderful and unique with fascinating scenery.It’s warm all year round and flowers never cease to bloom.

盘古以来荒阪地,治世无术民忧忧。

Since Pangu,the place has long been a desolate land,people there frowned on then leaders for inadequate effective approach to promote their livelihood.

十载之后显盛世,物丰人杰胜千秋。

Ten years later from now,flourishing age should arrive,and there would be abundant materials and outstanding talents,presenting an unprecedented positive picture of the land.

韩局长说:“俗话说,桂林山水甲天下,杨朔山水甲桂林。也有的人认为我国山水最美是杭州,但我认为它们都比不上三亚美!”韩局长对三亚“高抬”,其意义非同寻常。

Mr.Han said,"there is a saying that Guilin's scenery tops the rest of China but Yangshuo’s scenery excels it.Some others said Hangzhou is the most beautiful place in China.But I personally feel they are not as appealing to me as Sanya!”Mr.Han's"praise"on Sanya is of extraordinary significance.

三亚凭什么金贵?

What makes Sanya"expensive"?

微信图片_20190717174309

Photo/Ye Haisheng

有的人挠破脑袋也想不明白:海口是省城,为什么房价竟然比不过三亚?答案其实简单:三亚是全世界人民的三亚,人们最喜欢三亚的,是三亚能让人们一年四季都能享受阳光、沙滩和海水。海口呢?历史上的故事不比三亚少,但海口多少都有春夏秋冬的意思。冬天里海口人都穿过毛衣、棉衣甚至羽绒服吧。到了冬季,北纬十八度的三亚天晴地朗,阳光迷人,海口这边有可能阴冷潮湿,三亚自然是游人的首选。

Some people would never understand:Why is the price of real estate in Haikou,the provincial city even less than that of Sanya?The answer is simple:Sanya to some extent is more of a world renown city,people like Sanya for they can enjoy sunshine,the beach and sea water there all year round.What about Haikou?The story of the city is no less than that of Sanya,but the distinction between the four seasons is still clear.In winter,people in Haikou generally wear sweaters,cotton-padded clothes and even down jacket while Sanya is bathing in the sunshine as it locates at 18 degrees north latitude.Compared with the coldness and humidity in Haikou,unsurprisingly,Sanya is the first choice for visitors.

说到房子的价格,因海口临海的房子大多朝北,冬季里来自西北的湿冷空气对家电和人居多少有负面影响。三亚的的房子朝南,冬天的冷风被阿陀岭阻挡过,被五指山的森林梳理过,对三亚人来说,冬天的风不可能凛冽,就无大碍。三亚更多时候享受的是舒适的东南风,凉爽舒适。

When it comes to the price of real estate,most of the houses near the sea in Haikou face the north,the humid and cold air from the Northwest has more or less negative impact on household electric appliances and people’s daily life in winter.For the houses in Sanya face south and the cold wind in winter has been blocked by Atuoling Mountains and has passed through the forests of Wuzhishan Mountain,the wind in winter can't be harsh to Sanya,hence no big damage is likely to happen.More often,Sanya enjoys cool and comfortable Southeast wind.

三亚的知名度比海口高,我先前也不大相信,有一回爬到凤凰岛的楼顶俯瞰:三亚是北面有山,海上有船也有山……那景致令人震撼!

Sanya is more well-known than Haikou,though I was not very convinced on this before until I climbed to the top floor of the Phoenix Island:in the north of Sanya,one can see mountains,and besides boats in the sea,there are also mountains in the water...The scenery is shocking and fascinating!

三亚通常比较炎热,室内的炎热是可以用空调解决,而室外的炎热正好有利于享受大海。所以,三亚的一年四季都适宜于盛产浪漫故事。

Sanya is usually hot.The air conditioning can address the indoor hotness while the outdoor hotness just provides a good reason for going to the sea side.Hence,romantic stories can find their right place all the seasons in Sanya.

与三亚有关的文学作品

Literature related to Sanya

微信图片_20190717174312

Photo/explorehainan.com

三亚还是一个经常会有奇遇的地方。李少君有一次到三亚开会,同行的有作家邱华栋,他们是校友,在武汉大学一起办过“珞珈诗社”。没想到在三亚,他们意外地得知网络作家慕容雪村、恐怖小说家李西闽就住在三亚。

Sanya is also a place where adventures often occur.Li Shaojun once attended a meeting in Sanya accompanied by writer Qiu Huadong,who was an alumnus of the University of Wuhan.They co-sponsored"Luojia Poetry Society",when they were at the university.They unexpectedly learned that internet writer Murong Xuecun and the horror novelist Li Ximin both lived in Sanya.

慕容雪村十年前以网络小说《成都,今夜请将我遗忘》轰动一时,这本书将都市白领的爱与恨、希望与苦闷写得淋漓尽致,至今还是网络文学经典。慕容雪村隔几年换个地方住,然后写一本书,先深圳,后杭州,再拉萨,后来是三亚。雪村在大东海租了个海景房,每天面朝大海写他的小说。

The online novel,Chengdu,Leave Me Alone Tonight written by Murong Xuecun ten years ago created a sensation.The novel vividly depicts the love,hate,hope and depression of urban white-collar workers.It still remains a classic of online literature.Murong Xuecun change his living places every few years,and writing a book for the place,first Shenzhen,then Hangzhou,Lhasa,and then Sanya.Xuecun rented a house with sea view in the Dadonghai,Sanya and wrote his novel facing the sea every day.

李西闽则更加夸张,他说必须在阳光灿烂的地方写恐怖小说,否则会郁郁寡欢。所以李西闽每年冬天都要来三亚,他喜欢在三亚生产故事。

Li Ximin is more interesting.He said that horror stories must be written in sunny places,otherwise he would be depressed.So Li Ximin comes to Sanya every winter.He likes to compose stories in this city of sunshine.


责任编辑:陈
分享: